20 IMCWP, Written Contribution of Hungarian WP

11/9/18 4:49 PM
  • Hungary, Hungarian Workers' Party En Europe Communist and workers' parties

The capitalist system is not undefeatable
The Hungarian Workers' Party's evaluation about the state of the world and Hungary


Capitalism is in crisis all over the world. One of its consequences is that the fight between capitalist countries to re-distribute the markets and areas of influence has accentuated, and the fight between the capital and the working masses has also become more heated. For the first time since the Second World War, the world is realising that the capitalist system can collapse, the revolution of the workers and the working people can triumph, the world can take the path to socialism.


The capitalist system is in an economic, social and intellectual crisis. The capital has been leading a neoliberal economic policy for the last decades. It let the market to decide what's good and what's bad. It didn't matter what the people want, only what brings profit to the capital. The financial capital has overcome the productivecapital. Huge amounts of unsecured money poured into the economy.


The crisis caused serious social conflicts. Debts have to be paid one day. The working masses are forced to repay the debts created by the capital. Social and healthcare spendings are cut everywhere, working-time and retirement ageare raised.


Today even the citizens of rich countries feel they live worse than they used to. The working people of the poor countries, the Greeks, the Portuguese have reached a point where the possibility of a social explosion is a direct threat.


The forces of the capital – in order to avoid the socialist revolution – started to restructure capitalist institutions and methods. In Greece they created and put into power the Syriza, temporarily stabilising the Greek capitalism. In Ukraine they banned the communist party. They have done what they still don't dare to do in the EU: gave power to openly nationalist and fascist forces. In individual cases insome of the countries the capital is looking for the best political solution but it doesn't want to overcome the traditional methods yet, it hasn't used the method of the extreme right of fascism.


The capitalist crisis has appeared intellectually too. The capital has no interest in raising the literacy of people. The capital provides high-level knowledge only to the capitalist class. They use the media to manipulate and dull people.


The capital uses every method to distract people from the class struggle against the capital. They turn the society's interest towards topics like migration, non-traditional sexual behaviours, absolutisation of the respect for diversity. The depolitization of the people and the propagation of religions is taking place.


There's a merciless fight for the redistribution of the markets and areas of influence. The current policy of the USA has brought a shift to the capitalist world. According to Trump, only a strong USA can save the capitalist order, and onlywhen the USA is ruling.


The USA thinks the development of the arms industry is one of the main methods of overcoming the crisis. Incitement to war is taking place, and the arms raceintencifies. The USA has created new alliances, tries to align its allies against Russia, China and others. They are installing significant American forces in Eastern Europe, increasing military tension and the risk of a European war.


The leading circles of the EU want to solve the crisis by seizing new markets. The EU wants to acquire Ukraine and the Balkans. In both regions they collide with Russia representing the interests of the Russian capital.


A debate has started in the EU about its future. There are two main ideas. The German and the French capital wants to increase the integration which can lead to a united states of Europe. The Hungarian and the Polish capital says the solution is the alliance of nation states. The division of the EU is not on the agenda, but its gradual disintegration is not impossible. The UK's exit from the EU has shown that there are fundamental problems in the EU.


The fight between the USA, the EU and Russia has increased. The Russian capital has became stronger in the recent years, Russia doesn't want to play a subservient role in the world. In 2014 two provincesof Ukraine declared their independence and Crimea returned to Russia by a referendum.


Socialism is an existing force


The capitalist propaganda wants to hide the fact that there are socialist countries in the world and they are becoming stronger.


The current socialist countries want to ensure the existence of socialism by detaching from the previous models of socialism and trying to find their own solutions by taking the national attributes into consideration.


Politically a common attribute of today's socialist countries is that the political power is in the hands of the working classes, the communist parties have the leading role. To a different extent, but they are all using capitalist methods in economy, including the intensive presence of private property. Socially capitalist groups and classes are present.


China's goal is to build the Chinese way of socialism. Social differences are significant, but everyone can say that they are living better than yesterday, and tomorrow they will be living better than today.


China is increasing its economic, political and cultural presence in the world, including Europe. European and American capitalist circles consider China a necessary partner and an opponent to defeat at the same time.


Vietnam is building socialism. It has reached significant successes in raising the living standards. Younger generations took the place of the revolutionary generation in Cuba. They are reforming the building of socialism. The DPRK and Laos are building new models.



The forces of global capitalism try to divert the reform processes of socialist countries and provoke a capitalist shift.




The Hungarian capitalism in crisis


The Hungarian capitalist class is aware that the universal crisis of capitalism can weaken the Hungarian capitalist system too. Two ways have been created to prevent it.


The liberal side thingksthat all obstacles in the way of the capital must becompletely destroyed, state intervention in the economy must be stopped, we must let the markets to guide the country's development. The creation of the German-French lead centralised EU must be supported, we have to make a step towards the creation of the united states of Europe where the completely free rule of the capital is ensured.


According to the conservative side, methods of the liberal economy policy can't be used among Hungarian conditions, because it causes massive dissatisfaction and can undermine the Hungarian capitalist system. The conservative side things that the capitalist state must deliberately intervene in the economic and social processes. The capital must temporarily be restricted and they should give money to the broad masses. In the meantime, workers' rights have to be restricted to prevent any movements against the system. The conservative side wants to keep the EU, but wants bigger freedom for the Hungarian capital and to have a say in EU affairs.


Since 2010 Fidesz is establishing this policy. It took the strategic sectors into state ownership. Created a centralised governance. Taxed some segments of the big capital and by raising the minimal wage and widening social benefits it created a better life for many social groups. They haven't given anyone as much as they need, but given something to everyone in order to temporarily soothe social tensions.


Fidesz stabilised the rule of the capital in Hungary. Fidesz hasn't created a new system - as the liberal and social-democratic forces claim -, but used state capitalist methods to save capitalism.


In order to prevent anti-capitalist movements, it introduced a strict labour code and strike law.  It has won some of the trade unions to its own side and made the others surrender. It pushed out all anti-capitalist forces from the media. Nationalism, anti-communist and religious brainwashing is going on in the education and the propaganda.


The status quo of the two sides of the capitalist class, the liberals and the conservatives, have significantly changed in the last years. With its two-thirds majority, the conservative group has almost completely pushed the other side out of power. Since 2010, the liberal and social-democratic forces have made several attempts to regain power but without success. They have neither a concept nor a charismatic leader.


What happens tomorrow?


In Hungary the crisis of the capitalist system hasn't yet lead to a revolutionary situation. The ruling class is able to control the developments and the working people doesn't want to overthrow capitalism in masses. But negative international changes can undermine this political stability, the political frameworks of the capitalist order. We have to be prepared to act in the changing national and international environment.


Despite the stabilisation the Hungarian capitalism is vulnerable. First, in depends on EU funds, American and German investments.


Second, an unexpected international shift, the EU's collapse, a European war, the flood of migrants from Turkey or something else can undermine the Hungarian capitalism.


Third, after years of giving to the people, the capitalist government started to take back what it had given in many areas. Prices are rising, taxes are not going down, the situation of many social groups is still hopeless. The increasing poverty, the widening social gaps, the state of the health care and several other factors can significantly increase social conflicts.


Fourth, fights inside the capitalist class can increase. Debates and conflicts inside the ruling party can become more heated. After a while the liberals can regain their strength, find new programmes, new characters.