Contribution of the Communist Party of Brazil (PC do B) to the 15th International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties (IMCWP)
In our days, the international situation is characterized by uncertainty, instability, conflicts and threats to peace, national independence and sovereignty and the rights of peoples. The crisis of capitalism, entering its sixth consecutive year, persists and shows no signs of cooling; on the contrary, proves to be of long and unpredictable duration.
Monopolies, composed of large financial conglomerates, and the political forces and governments that serve to them, seek to throw the burden of the crisis onto the workers, reducing labor's share in national income levels and increasing the dramatic situation of exploitation and unemployment. Internationally, the U.S. and the imperialist countries of Europe maneuver with measures that seek to impose on developing countries the effects of the crisis, manipulating the exchange rate with the so-called "unconventional" monetary policies and proposing new round of trade liberalization through asymmetric treaties, seeking to increase exports to developing countries at any cost.
Developing countries, especially those endowed with large domestic mass markets and under expansion, seek to resist the crisis advocating, to a greater or lesser degree, their national economies. This is the case of the BRICS countries, which not only denounce the maneuvers of the imperialist countries, but also take important measures to resist the impositions of the dominant international financial system. Measures such as trade among BRICS in their national currency – putting into question the domain of the dollar as dominant currency –, the recent creation of a common fund reserves, and the imminent creation of the Development Bank of the BRICS are some examples of these important actions.
The alliance of the BRICS countries is perhaps the most visible movement of a major contemporary international trend of transition in the context of the world powers, with the decline of U.S. hegemony. The current capitalist crisis accelerates this transition, which simultaneously generates, as we said, more uncertainty, instability and conflict.
This escalation of instability we fear can lead to a new wave of wars of aggression. The U.S. president, Barack Obama, in a recent speech at the UN, breaks down any illusions about his conversion to multilateralism. On that occasion, Obama not only declared his adhesion - if anyone doubted it - to the thesis of American exceptionalism, but also renewed its threats against Syria, continuing the State action that moves the United States in an attempt to reconfigure the Middle East. At this time, the communists of the world should reaffirm their support and solidarity with the Syrian people, for the defense of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria, now in the spotlight of the continuing onslaught of American imperialism against the peoples of the world.
Likewise, in the analysis of the international situation, we propose that the communist parties renew their solidarity with the peoples of Latin America, important popular resistance laboratory and which has been giving it contribution to the revival of the struggle for socialism in the world, based on its unique conditions - "no decal or copy," as the distinguished Peruvian Marxist, José Carlos Mariategui, said in his famous quote. At this point, the countries of Latin America face an imperialist and rightwing counteroffensive in each country, but follow the course of deepening progressive changes, seeking to renew the goals and objectives of the political cycle that began in 1998, and which has completed 15 years in 2013 .
The countries of the socialist regime, in Asia – China, Vietnam, Laos and the People´s Republic of Korea –, as well as in Latin America the Caribbean – Cuba –, have played a prominent role in the struggle of the peoples. Their strength as sovereign nations, their efforts to make their people, under the leadership of communist parties, in order to enable the national development strategies and the transition to socialism, their actions and international cooperation for peace, have support and solidarity of PCdoB.
The central theme of the 13th Congress of PCdoB is holding a large stock of advances and dilemmas faced by democratic and popular forces in the last decade, a period in which a broad coalition of political and social forces is ahead of the government of Brazil. That is, since 2003, a new government takes office in Brazil, as the product of the protracted struggle against the previous government and its neoliberal policies. To take stock of the meaning of this decade is the basis for renewing the goals aimed at advancing more, which is the greatest aspiration of the Brazilian communists and our people´s.
President Lula took over the national government in Brazil inheriting what was called "a cursed legacy”. Since the crisis of the national developmental period of the late 70´s, Brazil entered into two decades of regression and prevalence of neoliberal orientation. The "cursed legacy" prevented further progress and limited the pace of change.
Having participated and been active player in the unit that led the leftist parties and a broad coalition to the national government since 2003, the Communist Party of Brazil from the beginning assumed, for the first time in its history of over 90 years, responsibilities under the federal government. Since then, the party is replaced by a new tactical guidance to advance the accumulation of revolutionary forces, and popular mobilization as a driving force of change and jockeying for position in the elections, parliamentary and majoritarian elections, as occurs today in most countries of Latin America.
Participation in the federal government and sub-national governments and parliaments is combined with two other dimensions of a system of party work aiming to promote the accumulation of revolutionary forces. Other dimensions are the movement of workers and popular masses and the struggle of ideas.
PCdoB carries out the balance of this decade of democratic and progressive governments in Brazil - first with the election of President Lula in 2002 and since 2010, with President Dilma - with reference to the Socialist Program of our Party. A decade that begins with what our Party understands to be a period of transition and of struggle for a new National Development Program to pave the way to a achievement of the political power by the vanguard forces and for a revolutionary rupture to lead Brazil into socialism. This Brazilian path to socialism is not without contradictions, and even partial defeats.
We understand that in the last decade our country has recorded significant progress. The country had a sovereign foreign policy, advocating causes dear to developing countries and peoples, especially platforms such as the opposition to imperialist wars and the defense of the rights of peoples to develop autonomous national projects. Brazil also promoted the integration with the countries of South America and Latin America and the Caribbean, and alliances with developing countries in other continents. We have progressed in the democratization of the State, now more open to the people and their organizations, even though we still face a struggle for the democratization of the media. We have also progressed in terms of more rights for workers and peoples through active policies of income distribution and valoration of labor, fighting against a legacy of high levels of social inequality.
A strong reaction of the right-wing forces, supported by the media monopoly, tried to destabilize the government of President Lula in 2005. At this time the labor movement and other social movements defended the mandate of the president and rejected the action coup. The second Lula government, from 2007, marked a new phase, with a resumption of the state's role in promoting economic development, particularly in fostering infrastructure, in the expansion of social policies, and soon after, in the search to regain control by the State over the huge oil reserves discovered in the South Atlantic and also over Petrobras itself.
The election of President Dilma Rousseff in 2010 marks the third victory of democratic and popular forces. Her election gives rise to a third phase in the trajectory experienced during the decade, where advances in macroeconomic policy change, making a strong cut in interest rates and devaluing the currency, seeking to create conditions more conducive to economic development.
In June this year, massive popular demonstrations came about in all large and medium cities. The schedule of events, diffuse, seeked to defend better living conditions, particularly higher quality in health and education. Quickly, the monopolized media and sectors of the rightwing attempted to influence the mobilization campaign against strong political organization, trade unions and popular organizations - with outstanding destabilizing purposes.
PCdoB, which since its 2009 Congress had been advocating the need for profound structural reform agenda as the basis for the government to go further in achieving changes, reaffirmed and continues to reaffirm this question. President Dilma rightly proposed to rely on the strength of the streets to carry out these reforms and thus proposed initiatives that are based on the schedule that you hear on the streets - and in turn, the thesis that our party had been arguing with emphasis, for example the allocation of resources of the oil revenues of the pre-salt to education and health, and the binding of 10% of GDP to education by 2020.
We conclude with the appreciation of the critical importance of the unity of the international communist movement in the current global context. The current process of International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties need to continue in the next period as an important forum for discussion and united action of our movement.
For this we must promote our political and ideological unity, which exists and is based on Marxism-Leninism, while respecting the different strategic positions and tactics of each party, defined based on specific national and continental realities.
We must absolutely not get lost in smaller debates on organizational forms. In our opinion, long has been the time when the international communist movement needed a single center and had a unique strategy. Our challenge is to get the highest possible degree of ideological and political unity, and develop joint actions and internationalist campaigns.
Long live Marxism-Leninism and internationalism!
Long live the unity of the communist and workers parties!
Contribuição do Partido Comunista do Brasil (PCdoB) ao 15º Encontro Internacional de Partidos Comunistas e Operários (EIPCO) Lisboa, Portugal
Viva o marxismo-leninismo e o internacionalismo!
Viva a unidade dos partidos comunistas e operários!