13th International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Athens, December 9-11, 2011
SOCIALISM IS THE FUTURE!
The international situation and the experience of the communists 20 years after the counterrevolution in the USSR. The tasks for the development of the class struggle in conditions of capitalist crisis, imperialist wars, of the current popular struggles and uprisings, for working class-popular rights, the strengthening of proletarian internationalism and the anti-imperialist front, for the overthrow of capitalism and the construction of socialism.
Contribution of Communist Party of Pakistan
Socialism is the future
Speech of Comrade Imdad Qazi, secretary general Communist Party of Pakistan, in 13
th international meeting of communist and workers parties held in Athens from 9
th to 11
th December 2011 on the theme of conference.
The international situation and the experiences of communists twenty years after the counter revolution in USSR. The tasks for the development of class struggle in the conditions of capitalist crisis, imperialist wars, of the current popular struggles and uprisings for working class popular rights, the strengthening of the proletarian internationalism and the anti-imperialist front for the over throw of capitalism and construction of socialism.
Members of Presidium
Delegates of the conference
Passed Two Decades
A very relevant and important subject has been chosen for the deliberations for this years’ conference. The success of counter revolution in USSR has some special relevance for Pakistani communists. In a way an important act of the whole drama was played in the vicinity of Pakistan i.e. Afghanistan. Soviet forces entered Afghanistan on the initiative of Afghan government who invoked the bilateral agreement of 1919 agreed upon between comrade Lenin and Ameer Amaan Ullah Khan. Entire right wing of Pakistan, political parties, media, government headed by General Zia-ul-Haq and powerful secret agencies of Pakistani establishment started a campaign against so called occupation of brethren Afghanistan by soviet forces. A deal was struck between general Zia-ul-Haq and then American establishment. Entire pro American camp of Muslim countries became a part of a proxy war between imperialism and USSR. The mounting pressure on soviet economy due to the protracted war, probably made the task of counter revolutionary forces easier and USSR ceased to exist. The world became unipolar and balance of power tilted in favor of capitalist world. The unchallenged imperialism started wars one after the other in the regions of its interests. Millions of people were killed in attacks on Afghanistan and Iraq.
During this war Pakistani left and especially Communist Party of Pakistan was targeted both ideologically and physically. In a meeting of core commanders of Pakistan armed forces in 1980, elimination of Communist Party of Pakistan was decided. The in-charge of this operation disclosed this secret in a television program in 2010. We had to face worst repression during this period.
Soviet forces withdrew from Afghanistan according to Geneva Accord and Gorbacheve and company succeeded in its designs. The right wing of Pakistan claimed credit for defeating socialism and started beating the drums of triumph. Communist Party of Pakistan had started to work over ground in 1991 when we found ourselves defeated and condemned. I don’t want to waste the valuable time of conference by narrating the predicament of Communist Party of Pakistan in those days but I will do like to share with honorable delegates, the reactions generally expressed during those unforgettable days. The supporters of capitalism were overflowing with the feelings of victory. For them, this was the end of the story. Left was badly demoralized. The damage was much, much more than what was caused by Sino Russian conflict of 60s. Weaker minds and souls started searching elemental defects in Marxism and Leninism. Some of them went to the extreme position that classic Marxism Leninism has become irrelevant and it has to be tailored afresh according to the requirements of new phase of history. Social democrats came out with dilution theories and achieving the goal through an evolutionary process. Trotsky tic minds denounced the 1917 revolution as premature and attacked Lenin’s vision and practice. Not only the cadre but top leadership of Communist Party got confused. There were debates on extensive level but Marxism Leninism prevailed in the final round. Retractors, including some heavy weights, were defeated in the party congress of 1990. Party emerged victorious, but of course we had to start afresh with a narrow base. We might have lost somewhat numerically, but we stood victorious as far as ideological basis and our resolve are concerned.
Post Counter Revolution Scenario
The past two decades were eventful from some other angels also. Analysis and identifications of factors contributing in success of counter revolution was taken as a task by Marxist Leninist parties, the world over. Initial depressive phase was overcome by analyzing the debacle from Marxist perspective and reorganizing the dispersed forces on sound theoretical basis. The contribution of our hosts, Communist Party of Greece is immense in this field and it will be an important part of our future history. While the communist forces were reorganizing themselves, capitalism was heading towards new mishaps. This was the period when end of the history was proclaimed by boasting capitalist world. It was taken for granted by capitalist world and its leader that now no force is present to counter their evil designs. People are helpless. Entire world resources and their transportation routes belong to them. We heard the terminology of New World Order. Energy reservoirs of Middle-East and Central-Asia were the main focus. War was chosen as an easy way for attaining the goals. Militants produced in their own laboratories to defeat Soviet Union in Afghanistan were declared enemies. Then came the war on terror. Afghanistan was attackedin a hope that it will prove an easy prey and after minimum of resistance the oil and gas reservoirs of Central-Asia will be within their reach. Greater Middle-East plan was visualized to consolidate their presence in the area. Iraq was attacked on the false pretext of possessing weapons of mass destruction. Contrary to their belief, massive resistance had to be faced on all fronts.
Another phenomenon was surfacing in the meantime. Absence of a common enemy i.e. socialist block paved the way for raising voice of dissent among the capitalist giants. Political aims are subservient to interests of capital. Why one would be ready to surrender its pound of flesh. Although, leadership of United States of America was never challenged, but different centers of capital started asserting themselves. In this way, diversity in unity can be seen.
Unchallenged capitalist world also started opening new fronts on ideological and economic frontiers. Attempts were started to eliminate all barriers for capital. Liberalization, globalization and world trade organization were invented to facilitate the unrestricted flow of capital. This period also saw the emergence of the monster called finance capital.
Nature of capital has been beautifully described Karl Marx “Capital comes dripping from head to foot, from every pore, with blood and dirt. With adequate profit, capital is very bold. A certain 10% will ensure its employment anywhere; 20% will produce eagerness; 50% positive audacity; 100% will make it ready to trample on all human laws; 300% and there is not a crime at which it will scruple, nor a risk it will run, even to the chance of its owner being hanged.” This Inherent defect of the system, continue to plunge it into crisis after crisis. It is not at all any individuals greed or management defect which cause these episodes.
The present crisis of capitalism is neither the result of any fault of policies of international monetary institutions nor that of failure of any regulatory mechanism. It is the crisis of system itself and its roots are in the pathological nature of capitalism. The capitalist world tried to overcome the crisis on the Kanes’s principal of state intervention. This not only proved to be a failure but was rejected by new liberal capitalism and speculative financial crisis ultimately led to the real crisis, the worst after great depression of 1929.
Capitalism is struggling to wriggle out of the crisis by one way or the other. Attempts are underway to shift the burden of crisis to developing economies. Peoples’ resistance and contradictions within the capitalist centers have forced leader of capitalist world to seek ways and means for safe exit from Afghanistan. The desire is good but not an easy one to be fulfilled. The stakes are high and stake holders are multiple. The bargain will be a difficult job. Pakistan, Iran, India, China, Russia and Europe will not retreat an inch easily. The region is the most volatile spot at the moment.
Total collapse of capitalism and complete defeat of imperialism, although destiny of humanity, will not be possible, however in near future. Communist and workers parties have to learn much and have to work very hard. They have hurdles after hurdle in their way.
Economical and political maneuvering may give another lease of life to imperialism. Many forces are on its side. Political movements, until recently known as banner bearers of Islamic renascence and claiming to be anti-imperialist have been, perhaps, learning to live under imperialism’s umbrella. Retreat of army in Turkey and entrance by right of center forces into corridors of power was first such successful experiment. The scene is being repeated in Middle-East. Success has been achieved in Tunis and will be achieved in Egypt in near future. The change was forced by use of power in Libya. Syria might meet the same fate. History’s lesson, however, is clear. Its verdict is quiet louder. People cannot be defeated and ultimate triumph is theirs’. Imperialism has been avoiding to read the writing on the wall. Communist and workers parties are most important catalyst for that end to reach. They have to play their role prudently.
Capitalism stands fully exposed. Objective conditions are favorable for progressive forces. Capitalism could not fulfill the promises made to its followers. Concepts of social security and welfare are becoming hazy day by day in advanced countries. Even upper layers of society have become disillusioned what to speak of lower strata. Very thin elite is satisfied with the state of affairs. We’re 99% and Occupy the Wall Street movement speaks of this disillusionment. Why communist and workers parties are unable to lead the peoples’ popular movements in spite of much favorable objective conditions?We’re here to seek answers to such questions. Much can be learned fromLatin American experience. Unification of patriotism and class struggle has produced positive results. Imperialism is now finding it difficult to re-penetrate the battlefields won by peoples’ long struggle.
We must refer, once again, to Marx and Lenin to find the most suitable strategy to reach our destination. We’ve to give-up uncalled for political expediency. We’ve to decide how far we can go to be a part of parliamentary system of a particular country. We’ve to strike a balance between our struggle for democracy and revolution. Main stream politics, remaining within the constitutional boundaries, limits our options and dilutes our revolutionary zeal. We’ve to sacrifice many cows up till now considered sacred.
Up Up Socialism
Down Down Imperialism
Long Live Communist Unity